Perspectives on Purpose

By George A. Boyd © 2017

Q: When I try to tune into what is my purpose, I get conflicting voices that each tell me something else. How do I discern my true Soul Purpose?

A: As we have discussed in the Purpose Workshop, there are several orders of purpose. You have to penetrate to the core, where you can ascertain your Soul’s genuine purpose. We recommend that you take this workshop, which you can purchase from our Public Webinars page on our website, to help you tease out what is the Soul’s purpose from the other levels that each play a “purposive role” in the expression and concretization of your Soul’s Great Work.

As an example of some of these perspectives of purpose, let us consider what purpose looks like from several different vantage points.

  1. Ego – From the standpoint of the ego, purpose looks like survival of the body and fulfillment of desires and needs
  2. Self – From the viewpoint of the Self, purpose appears to be the creation and completion of goals that promote career success, personal fulfillment and growth. For individuals who take the Third Planetary Initiation, this purpose changes, and takes the form of carrying out the directives of the Higher Self.
  3. Life (Expressed Soul Purpose) – Life is seen in this view as the expression of the Soul’s gifts, its love, and its wisdom in everyday living—in relationships, in career, and as its active ministry and service to others.
  4. Spiritual Destiny (Intrinsic Soul Purpose) – This is the track of the Soul’s development plan, which comes into view in the higher unconscious behind the Soul. It aims for completion of spiritual evolution, with the actualization of all spiritual and personal potentials.
  5. Mastery – This takes the form of service to other living beings from a universal platform: to uplift their awareness into the state of enlightenment and Realization, initiate them into spiritual practices, empower them to use their abilities and gifts, guide them on the inner Planes, teach them about their spiritual laws and the content of the Path, counsel them, heal them, purify them with the Divine Light, and actively transform their Souls along their track of spiritual evolution.

You discover your expressed Soul Purpose through dialog with your Soul. You discover your spiritual destiny through meditating on the higher unconscious behind your Soul to discern the track your Soul must travel, and the nodes of ministry and mastery that are embedded on that Path—the thrones, stars, crowns, wheels, and forms that become visible as the Soul transmutes and integrates the karmic accretions that veil them.

Those who complete one of our intermediate meditation classes, the in person Mudrashram® Master Course in Meditation and the by-mail and online Accelerated Meditation Program are eligible to take the Mudrashram® Advanced Course in Meditation, where we guide you along the track of your Soul’s spiritual destiny, and show you that pathway behind each higher octave of being and point out its stage of culmination—the state of Liberation.

Those who have difficulties visualizing the content of their higher unconscious may opt to obtain a Soul Purpose Reading from us. In this reading, we can give you the details on the discrete stations on the Path ahead of you where the Soul has been given a form of service, and reveal to you where they are on the Path ahead of you.

Finding Truth with the Intellect

By George A. Boyd ©2018

Q: Is it possible to find truth with the intellect?

A: The intellect can provide us conceptual models of the truth, but remains removed from the essence of spiritual reality. To find spiritual truth requires that you unite your attention with your immortal spiritual essences and your objects of meditation.

What can the intellect contribute to the quest for truth? There are several strategies that the intellect uses to search for truths that lie beyond its level of immediate comprehension:

  1. Frame – A frame establishes what are the relevant factors to consider. If you want to know about God, you may wish to exclude information about chimpanzees.
  2. Meaning – The quest for meaning seeks to uncover the connotation and implications of a conceptual idea. For example, you might seek to understand what the word God means to a Hindu, a Muslim, a Christian, and a Jew, and look for their common and dissimilar beliefs about what God is like.
  3. Associations – Associations form the basis of knowing how two factors correlate with each other, and how multiple factors inter-correlate with each item in a matrix or array. Participation in religious rituals, engaging in prayer, and attending worship ceremonies appears to highly correlate with belief in God.
  4. Apparent causation – This strategy identified an outcome and traces back the associated factors to an event or actor that appears to have been their cause. The universe appears to have originated from a immensely tiny point from which emerged the Big Bang. In some cosmologies, there was a Creator that planned and manifested the universe—in these viewpoints, God is the Power that created the universe.
  5. Historical, anthropological, and philological analysis – This strategy looks for the historical background of an idea, how it expresses in culture, and how the concept changes as it appears in new languages. You might explore how the Hindu God Shiva, who first is identified in the archaeological excavations of the Indus Valley civilization, about 3500 BCE—and mentioned in the Vedas that were written in the Sanskrit language—this same phrase, Shiva, appears in the Hebrew language, and means to sit in remembrance of someone who has died.
  6. Looking to an expert or authoritative source – You may believe that a particular person or a book is an authoritative source, and you derive your belief that something is true based on that source. You may believe that The Holy Bible or The Koran is the true revelation of God, and you will look to that scripture as your touchstone of truth.
  7. Model – Here you create a synthesis that ties together all factors and how they inter-correlate, assign appropriate causation, and develop an explanatory theory that accounts for the relationships of all factors.

The intellect presents information in writing, through speech, via mathematical formulae, graphics, visual images, or symbols. While it can communicate spiritual ideas, it remains ever disconnected from the actual essence it is describing in words and pictures.

Knowing this, the meditator lets the intellectual concept indicate the essence that is the object of meditation. Through depth meditation, the aspirant gains union with this object upon which he contemplates, and knows the truth of it beyond the words that describe it.

Limitations of the Types of Knowing

By George A. Boyd ©2018

Q: There are so many crazy ideas that come out of religion and mysticism! Why would anyone want to venture into that territory and become a complete cuckoo?

A: We base our sense of reality—what is true, what is knowable, what is valid to believe—on different mental faculties that we use to determine what is real. Each of these types of knowing has limitations. Each type of knowing has a particular strength, but it isn’t helpful outside these parameters. Let’s look at some of these types of knowing and what their strengths and limitations are:

  1. Reason – This faculty of knowing operates through the mental seed atom in your Conscious mind. It is one of the primary tools you use to determine whether something is true. It uses logical tests to determine what is true; if your logic is fallacious, you may come to a wrong conclusion. It also helps you test reality—what is real in the environment around you. Optical illusions, stage magic, and people engineering what information you receive, however, can fool your reality testing. Reason is based on the information you receive from your senses or the instruments you use to extend them: it can’t detect anything beyond these limits, so the range of what it can know is limited.
  2. Memory – This faculty of knowing dwells in your Subconscious mind, and records your experience as it occurs. You can highlight certain aspects of your experience as more important to remember, as when you are studying information for which you will be tested. Certain highly emotional and meaningful events in your life will be more memorable. You use mnemonic cues to recall memory; if you don’t give the right cue, you cannot recall the information you have stored. Since memory stores its information in the biological hard drive of your brain, if your brain becomes damaged, you may not be able to recall what you have experienced or learned. Since memory records associations and these associations can change over time, you may incorrectly recall what actually happened to you.
  3. Intellect – This faculty of knowing exists in your Metaconscious mind, and uses your intelligence to operate certain problem solving skills. It allows you to solve problems using mathematics. You can use deductive, inductive, dialectical, and synthetic reasoning to reflect on ideas and uncover their meaning and interrelationships. You can form a hypothesis, and subject your conjecture to testing to determine whether it’s true. You can communicate your ideas verbally, in writing, and through symbols. Your level of education, which conditions how many problem solving and communication strategies you learn, may limit the problems you can solve—for example, if you only learned college algebra, you would not be able to solve problems in trigonometry or calculus. Certain neurological conditions may limit your ability to use intellectual problem solving skills, and suppress the operation of your native intelligence. If you have incorrect data or ask questions that do not yield a correct solution, your intellect may not be able to solve your problem.
  4. Collective Scientific Knowledge – This repository of the collective knowledge of humanity dwells on the Temple of Science Subplane of the Abstract Mind Plane in the Superconscious mind. Our knowledge continues to grow as scientists investigate different aspects of the physical world, our bodies, and our mental functioning. This knowledge is stored in journals, disseminated in seminars and professional conferences, discussed in books, taught in classrooms, and subjected to analysis and re-analysis, critique and testing. We continue to update this knowledge as we learn more. Sometimes we find that something we concluded was true based on our testing was inaccurate, and we have to revise our theories and beliefs about something we had accepted as true. Science is developing new technologies to penetrate deeper into the world and ourselves; it never arrives at a final truth; it continually revises its theories as we learn more, and discover that what we formerly believed was inaccurate or flawed.
  5. Psychic Sensing – Psychic sensing operates in your vehicle on the Psychic Realm of the Superconscious mind. It synthesizes three streams of knowing: the data coming from the senses of your astral body, the operation of the intuitive knowing of your “psychic eye,” and the intuitive guidance received from spiritual guides. It initially appears as a series of images, felt impressions, or words of intuitive guidance that you can hear. If you do psychic readings for others, you communicate these images, impressions, and words to others. Projections from your unconscious mind, and fantasy and imagination readily contaminate your faculties of psychic sensing and intuition.
  6. Illumined mind – Your Illumined Mind or Buddhi fully operates on the Buddhic Plane, to which your Soul has access when it takes the Fourth Planetary Initiation. However, this faculty of mandalic reasoning and discernment operates partially through out the Soul’s spiritual sojourn, expanding its range of penetrating intuitive knowledge as you evolve spiritually. Like scientific knowledge, your Illumined Mind continually revises your sense of what exists in the Superconscious mind as you continue to progress upon the spiritual Path. You tap this vast reservoir of intuitive knowledge in the deepest stages of meditation—this state of mind has been called Samadhi, Illumination, or Enlightenment—in which the Soul reveals to you what it is experiencing on the Higher Planes. This is the most important faculty by which you come to know your Soul and to gain knowledge about the spiritual worlds. Because much of this knowledge has never been framed in language, much of it is ineffable—you cannot put this ecstatic downpour of supernal knowledge into words.
  7. Soul Gnosis – This state of Oneness and Mystic Union has been called Gnosis and Realization. It brings about the direct experience of who you are at your core. This experience is difficult to access for many people, so those who enter this state are relatively rare. While you can enter into union with the Soul in the deepest stages of meditation, you may not be able to derive contextual clues, e.g., where you are on the Path. Since these states of Soul Union are highly blissful and ecstatic, it is possible for some individuals to believe that they have attained the highest stages of spiritual development and Mastery, when in fact, they are in a relatively rudimentary stage of development. If spiritual aspirants do not adequately prepare for this experience, they can become grandiose and delusional.

The faculties of reason, memory, and intellect are your passports to scientific knowledge, which comprise levels one to four of knowing. Meditation gives you the keys to knowing types five through seven, which are beyond the ken of science—you might consider them as trans-scientific modalities of knowing.

We suggest that the rigor of scientific study and testing can be applied to your spiritual quest, as well. You can strive to verify each element of your psychic sensing, your intuitive knowledge, and your Soul’s actual station on the Path. If spirituality can be approached in this way, you can gather more valid and less cuckoo information.

As to why someone might want to embark on the spiritual journey? It is your highest potential that yearns to be actualized. It calls you to the greatest adventure, if you will hearken to its voice. It is your next step of growth beyond the threshold of science, which only considers information derived from study of the physical universe, and excludes the entire realm of spiritual experience.

No one can convince you to explore these realms if you are afraid of entering them, if you are doubtful of their existence, and you cannot conceive of their value for your human experience. When that day dawns, you can enter the portals of Light and learn to reunite with your Soul, and transform it through each stage of the Path, to ultimately attain Liberation and Mastery.

Experiencing A Shift in Awareness

By George A. Boyd © 2017

Underlying meditation is the ability to make an intentional shift in awareness from the waking state of consciousness to an altered state of awareness. Incorporated into this shift of awareness is a concomitant change in your sense of identity and how you are capable of working on yourself. Seven major shifts from this waking state of consciousness are described below.

  1. Waking state of awareness – You experience yourself as a unified organism, a body-mind with nothing outside of it. You simply live your life without giving thought to change.
  2. Mindset of suggestion – You are a mind that influences the body. You relax and enter a state of hypnosis, where you can give suggestion to your body and you can program your behavior. You believe that you can change yourself.
  3. Mindset of personal actualization – You are a being that has a body, emotions, and mind. You have an internal experience of your body, emotions, and mind; you have an external experience of these three aspects of your nature in the environment around you, in your relationships with other people, and your communication of your beliefs and ideas to others. By working with the issues that impact these six areas of your life, you become more whole and actualized as you turn your dreams into reality.
  4. Observing mind – You are the attention that observes your body, emotions, and mind. You are able to process the issues that underlie the tension and pain in your body, your emotional concerns, and your mental problems through giving your full attention to each of these elements that perturb your experience. You become capable of processing each issue to the state of peace. You enter the state of mindfulness.
  5. Attentional travel – Your attention moves along the thread of consciousness. You discover your mind has many different strata or dimensions. You can observe the operation of these different levels of the mind as a series of forms or vehicles of consciousness. You become capable of depth meditation.
  6. Discovery of the essence of consciousness and intention – As your attention moves to into the system of chakras of your Subconscious mind, you encounter the principle of consciousness and intention, which we call the attentional principle, or Purusha. As you activate this essence and train it to move into yet higher dimensions of the mind, you become capable of doing spiritual work (sadhana). You can activate a transformational mantra, travel in full consciousness through the spiritual Planes, anchor suggestion into any vehicle of consciousness, develop the faculties of inner seeing and hearing that let you experience the phenomena of these higher Planes, and to do healing Light ministry and attunement.
  7. Discovery of the essence of love and devotion – As you focus your attention at specific locations in your Superconscious mind, you encounter your spiritual heart. When you activate this aspect of your nature, you become capable of traveling back to the spirit’s origin on the inner channels of light and sound, which we call the Nadamic channels. You develop spiritual purity, holiness, and spiritual virtues, as you refine this essence.
  8. Discovery of the Higher Self – As you focus your attention on your Soul, you experience the state of union with the Divine Atom within you. You experience bliss, the downpour of intuitional knowledge, the outpouring of unconditional love and compassion, and the activation of your Soul’s innate powers. You experience enlightenment and Gnosis.

Your innate capacity to shift your perception and identity through these seven higher levels beyond your waking state of consciousness is called awareness. Meditation is a key skill that enables you to make these voluntary shifts in your awareness. This changes what you perceive, what you believe you are capable of doing, and ultimately, your experience of who you are.

This identity shift from the waking state of awareness can be captured in a series of affirmations.

At the waking state of awareness, level one, you experience your identity as, “I am the body.”

At level two, you experience, “I am the mind that influences the body.”

At level three, your affirmation becomes, “I am a physical, emotional, and mental being, with an inner and outer life. I am the integral Self that is capable of change, learning, growth, and actualization.”

At level four, you affirm, “I am the perceiving mind (attention) that witnesses the content of the present time experience of my body, emotions and mind.”

At level five, you realize “I am a multidimensional being with many focal points along the thread of consciousness, where I can witness the content arising in each vehicle of consciousness. I can consciously encounter the personal integration centers of the ego and the Self that integrate and control each vehicle of consciousness within their purview.

As your attention continues to journey through the multi-dimensional matrix of your mind, you discover the three immortal principles: attentional principle, spirit, and Soul. Through union and identification with each essence, you become capable of expressing each of these essences.

At level six, you affirm, “I am consciousness and intention.”

At level seven, you recognize, “I am the spirit.”

At level eight, you realize, “I am the Soul.”

Once you can identify these immortal principles within you, you become capable of inner work and transformation of your eternal nature. To access these levels, it is essential to have the meditational tools to unite your attention with these essences.

In the Mudrashram® system of Integral meditation, we train you in using the meditational tools that enable you to access levels four through eight. You explore levels four and five in our beginning course, the Introduction to Meditation Program. We give you the essential tools to awaken and activate levels six, seven, and eight in our intermediate courses, the in-person Mudrashram® Master Course in Meditation and the by-mail and online Accelerated Meditation Program.

In the Mudrashram® Advanced Course in Meditation, we introduce you to yet higher states of being in the levels of the Great Continuum of Consciousness beyond where your Higher Self dwells. You learn to travel in full consciousness into Transplanetary, Cosmic, Supracosmic, and Transcendental bands of the Continuum, and encounter your spiritual essences at those levels—stages of spiritual development into which you will evolve through using essential transformational practices that we impart to you in our intermediate courses.

We invite you to explore these voluntary shifts in awareness until you can produce them at will in yourself. We stand ready to assist you with a complete toolbox of methods to help you master levels four through eight and beyond.

The 49 Levels of Training in Life and Spirituality

By George A. Boyd © 2016

Spiritual development begins with behavioral training, and progresses through seven stages. These seven stages, with their seven key components, are described below.

I. Behavioral Training – This is where you learn rules and etiquette, and the moral rules for living like the Ten Commandments or the Yama Niyama of Yoga. You get this training from your parents, teachers in school, supervisors or mentors at work, drill instructors in the military, and from religious clerics and priests.

  1. Learning proper behavior in the home (parents)
  2. Learning proper behavior in public spaces and other people’s homes (parents)
  3. Learning proper behavior in school (teachers, school counselors, and principals)
  4. Learning proper behavior in work (supervisors and mentors) and the military (drill instructors)
  5. Learning proper behavior in government (aides to government officials) and courts (attorneys and judges)
  6. Learning proper behavior in religious institutions (clergy)
  7. Learning to internalize moral guidelines and live them

II. Etheric Training – This introduces you to body-mind methods like hatha yoga and martial arts, breathing methods, and beginning contemplation on chakras. You get this training from hatha yoga teachers, martial arts instructors, and New Age and Psychic counselors and coaches

  1. Practice of hatha yoga or martial arts
  2. Learning meditative breathing (Pranayama)
  3. Chanting and invocation, using prayer and the spoken word to commune with spiritual beings
  4. Introduction to meditating on chakras, gaining an understanding of their functions
  5. Contemplation of objects of meditation (External Tratakam) and internal chakras (Internal Tratakam)
  6. Introduction to activation of chakras through sound, light, and repetition of seed sounds that stimulate the chakras (chakra bijas)
  7. Learning to raise the Kundalini into the brain chakra to bring about the state of illumination or enlightenment

III. Emotional training – This trains you how to master your emotions, gain self-discipline, and cultivate purity and virtue. You learn this from saints and other spiritual teachers who are emotionally polarized (e.g., they focus their teaching and ministry upon human and spiritual emotional experience). Some people may also learn certain of these methods from undergoing psychotherapy.

  1. Encountering passions, cravings, desires, and fears in the unconscious mind, and learning ways to deal with them
  2. Learning about the law of love, and establishing positive, loving relationships
  3. Learning how to change your attitude so you can receive spiritual instruction, guidance, and correction; Learning how to change negative feelings into positive ones
  4. Cultivating virtues and good character through changing thoughts and beliefs, introspection, and prayer
  5. Learning to sublimate and transmute emotions into their higher counterparts
  6. Activating the unconditional love of the Soul; practice of selfless service
  7. Becoming an instrument for bestowing the Holy Spirit (Comforter)

IV. Mental training – This level trains your attention to meditate and use the tools of meditation. Schools of Raja Yoga and Vipassana teach this. Mudrashram® teaches these methods in its beginner, intermediate, and advanced courses.

  1. Learning to isolate your mind stuff—this is also called the attention or the inner witness—from the sensations coming from the external world and the body (Pratyahara) and to be present with the content arising into awareness in the present time (mindfulness)
  2. Learning to move attention and fix it upon inner focal points (Dharana or concentration) and to become aware of the content arising in that focal point (contemplation or Dhyana); with sustained practice, the meditator can enter a state of union with the object of meditation (meditative union or Samadhi)
  3. Learning to move attention to activate the three immortal centers—the attentional principle, the spirit, and the Soul
  4. Interacting with the Subconscious and unconscious mind to produce change; these include the techniques of autohypnosis, affirmation, and process meditation
  5. Interfacing with the Subconscious and Superconscious mind to elicit intuitive information; these techniques include reflective meditation, receptive meditation, and other creative and dialog methods
  6. Experiencing union and identification with spiritual essences (Atma Samadhi, Gnosis, Enlightenment)
  7. Using transformational methods to actively unfold the essences of consciousness

V. Higher Mental Training – This trains the attentional principle [or the spirit in some traditions] to commune with a spiritual guide and carry out spiritual ministry. Integral meditation, Raja Yoga, and Nada Yoga [e.g., schools that train the spirit to open the inner channels of Light and Sound and travel back to God] traditions incorporate these methods. Mudrashram® teaches these methods as part of its Light Sitting program, and in its intermediate and advanced meditation courses and its teacher training programs.

  1. Learning direct projection: how to unite attention with the attentional principle and to travel in full consciousness through the inner Planes of the Superconscious mind up to the Soul; this confers Soul Knowledge (Atma Vidya)
  2. Learning to recognize the landmarks of the Continuum of Consciousness and traveling in full consciousness through those realms; this builds intuitive wisdom and insight and ultimately constructs the bridge of illumination (Antakarana); it confers Path Knowledge (Dharma Vidya)
  3. Learning to commune with the guide form of your Master Teacher; here you contact the guide form of your Master on the inner Planes and travel with him or her, and receive direct instruction
  4. Learning to minister the Light through the attentional principle [in some traditions, this attunement is made through the spirit]
  5. Learning to guide the attention of others
  6. Learning to guide the attentional principle and spirit of others, and manifesting a guide form to work with them
  7. Learning to bestow the Light that unfolds the Soul and activates the essences of mind and consciousness; this grants the ability to initiate and empower others

VI. Soul Learning (Initiation) – This training occurs as the Soul unfolds its spiritual evolutionary potentials through Initiation. Mantra Yoga, Kriya Yoga, and Guru Kripa Yoga schools teach methods to bring about transformation of the Soul. We teach this in Mudrashram®, giving students a complete map of the Great Continuum of Consciousness in the Mudrashram® Correspondence Course. We give students a transformational mantra that unfolds the Soul through these levels and we perform Light Immersion attunements that speeds the development of the Soul.

  1. Completion of spiritual development in the Subtle Realm, and reunion of the Soul Spark with the Soul
  2. Development of mental and psychic powers on the Biophysical Universe, Abstract Mind Plane, and the Psychic Realm
  3. Development of wisdom and discernment on the Wisdom Plane; inculcation of moral values and knowledge of scriptures during the First Exoteric Initiation; and cultivation of holy virtues and the ability to minister the Holy Spirit during the First Mesoteric Initiation [one becomes a Saint at this stage]
  4. Learning to understand symbolic teachings in the First Esoteric Initiation and activating the power of the spoken word (decree) through the Mighty I AM Presence in the Second Initiation
  5. Development of the ability to contemplate seed thoughts, to radiate the energies of the Illumined Mind, and to concretize ideas from the Manasic Plane during the Third Planetary Initiation
  6. Development of the ability to intuit, express, and channel the radiant knowledge of the Buddhic Plane during the Fourth Initiation
  7. Reunion of the Soul and the Monad, conferring the mantle of the Adept upon completion of the Fifth Planetary Initiation

VII. Higher Octave Development – This unfolds the spiritual essences in higher bands of the Great Continuum of Consciousness—the Transplanetary, Cosmic, Supracosmic, and Transcendental levels of the Continuum. Traditions anchored at these levels specialize in development at their octave. Mudrashram® introduces students to these higher octaves in our advanced meditation training and the Mudrashram® Correspondence Course, and gives a transformational mantra and other transformational methods to unfold through each of these seven highest levels.

  1. Unfoldment of the Monad to stages of Transplanetary Mastery and Liberation
  2. Unfoldment of cosmic consciousness to become a Yogi Preceptor [the nine Yogi Preceptor lineages at the top of the First Cosmic Initiation teach this] and to enter into Liberation at this level (Kaivalyam)
  3. Unfoldment of cosmic soul awareness to become a Light Master or to return to Liberation in the Ain Soph of the Cosmic Kabala during the Second Cosmic Initiation [Light Masters train how to do this]
  4. Unfoldment of the Astral Soul through all five Cosmic Initiations to become a Cosmic Master or gain Liberation in the Brahma Jyoti at the top of the Cosmic Sphere (Pari Nirvana) [Cosmic Masters train how to do this]
  5. Unfoldment of the Supracosmic seed atom and Supracosmic Soul upon one Supracosmic Path to become one with the Supracosmic Master (Guru) [Gurus of Supracosmic Paths train how to do this]
  6. Unfoldment of the spirit and its ensouling entity on a Transcendental Path up to the origin of the spirit [Sat Gurus of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, and T7 train how to do this]
  7. Completion of all tasks on training levels III, IV, V, VI, and VII and training one to become a Multiplane Master (Adi Sat Guru) on the upper reaches of the Bridge Path, T6, and T7.

Mudrashram® offers a comprehensive system for mental training, higher mental training, Soul learning, and higher octave development. These trainings are now available online on our website, or you may opt for in-person versions of these courses with a live instructor, or augment your online course experience with group and individual coaching.

We plan to offer coaching modules in the near future, in addition to our existing studies, which will help individuals move from emotional level training to mental level training, where they can perform the deeper work of meditation.